Organisations such as the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) verify at regular intervals, and also on request, that any food contact materials (FCMs) are fully compatible with food items. This concerns, for instance, rubber, plastics, paper and metal. EFSA findings form the basis on which the European Commission then issues industry regulations. Further regulations are also issued at the national level.
To ensure the health of the consumer, it is vital to prevent any hazardous migration from materials to food. It means that the composition of a food item must not undergo any unacceptable change, and the product must not suffer any detrimental impact on its taste or smell.
The packaging industry and its related sectors are aware of their responsibility and have produced numerous innovative packaging solutions over the last few years, with a view to protecting food from harm. They include, for example, low-migration inks, kitchen foil and food-safe adhesives.